It is a special cord that is placed in the trachea and attached to the neck with straps. It may have a trocar or a sealing balloon. Tracheostomy tubes are used to keep the patient’s airways open and to provide adequate controlled ventilation. They can also be used in the treatment of laryngotracheal strictures.
What are the types of tracheostomy tubes?
The tracheostomy tube is inserted into the anastomosis formed after the tracheotomy. It has a curved shape and has a collar on one side that can be attached to a dressing or skin – so that the element will not slide completely into the trachea. The lower part of the tube has a balloon which, when inflated, allows it to stick better in the trachea. This makes breathing easier and the mucus does not flow to the lungs or bronchi. The tracheostomy tube can also be equipped with a special balloon that allows you to control the pressure inside the device.
Tubes vary in curvature, diameter and length. Proper selection is very important and allows you to avoid rubbing the device against the trachea, which may lead to pressure ulcers or even perforation of the organ. Due to the used material, we can distinguish: metal tracheostomy tubes and those made of various plastics, e.g. acrylic, plastic or silicone. A medical specialist selects the appropriate type of tube for each patient individually.